METHODS AND TECHNIQUES FOCUSING ON THE ACQUISITION OF COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE. SPECIFIC METHODOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES IN TEACHING ENGLISH.
Sociocultural competence: According to Canale (1983), the cultural background and support of language learning is an essential element of the learning process in that language. As we know, a language is a means of communication of a given society; hence, no language can be seen as a mere compilation of lexical and structural elements; rather, the cultural values and norms of a society are present in its linguistic manifestations. In this sense, this competence is a fundamental factor in the acquisition of communicative competence. Moreover, as the FLL gives the opportunity to meet new cultures, it is an appropriate area to work on values and respectful attitudes towards different countries and cultures. A clear example can be the celebration of Halloween with children, where the goal is not obviously to understand that celebration as part of our culture, but to give them the chance to know sociocultural backgrounds from the English-speaking countries. Finally, in relation to the contribution of the foreign language to the development of the key competences, RD 126/14 establishes that learning a foreign language implies the knowledge of features and cultural facts related to the different communities of that language.